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Facts & Figures of
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

CKD Stages

Your kidneys' primary function is to filter and excrete waste products. To find out how well your kidneys are doing, we measure the quantity of waste that circulates in your blood.

CKD Stages

This is a test used to check how well the kidneys are working by estimating how much waste is in your blood. The more waste products in your blood the lower the filtration rate.



The two main causes of CKD are diabetes and hypertension, which are responsible for up to two-thirds of all cases.

Immune and inherited causes, as well as other reasons, are responsible for the rest.

CKD Graph
CKD Graph Legend
10% percent 10% percent

North Americans have CKD and more than 26 million have some form of the disease.

10 people
25 percent 25 percent

North Americans over the age of 65 have some form of CKD.

4 people
20 percent 20 percent

North Americans with kidney failure are currently awaiting kidney transplants.

5 people
3 percent 3 percent

Kidney Failure Risk Equation

Using the patient's Urine, Sex, Age and GFR, the kidney failure risk equation provides the 2 and 5 year probability of treated kidney failure for a potential patient with CKD stage 3 to 5.

CKD Equation CKD Equation
The equation has been validated in more than 30 countries worldwide, making it the most accurate and efficient way of finding out the patient's risk.
Countries participating in validation Countries participating in validation

Want to learn more?

Download the Your Kidneys, Your Health Handbook to understand more about CKD.

Urine Albumin
mL/min/1.73 m2
Corrected Calcium